Create and Consume Simple REST API in PHP

In this tutorial, we will create and consume simple REST API in PHP. REST enables you to access and work with web based services. But before moving ahead let me explain what is REST and how does it work.

What is REST?

REST stands for Representational State Transfer, REST is an architectural style which defines a set of constraints for developing and consuming web services through standard protocol (HTTP). REST API is a simple, easy to implement and stateless web service. There is another web service available which is SOAP which stands for Simple Object Access Protocol which is created by Microsoft.

REST API is widely used in web and mobile applications as compared to SOAP. REST can provide output data in multiple formats such as JavaScript Object Notation (JSON), Extensible Markup Language (XML), Command Separated Value (CSV) and many others while SOAP described output in Web Services Description Language (WSDL).

How Does REST API Work

REST requests are related to CRUD operations (Create, Read, Update, Delete) in database, REST uses GET, POST, PUT and DELETE requests. Let me compare them with CRUD.

  • GET is used to retrieve information which is similar to Read
  • POST is used to create new record which is similar to Create
  • PUT is used to update record which is similar to Update
  • DELETE is used to delete record which is similar to Delete

How to Create and Consume Simple REST API in PHP

JSON format is the most common output format of REST API, we will use the JSON format to consume our simple REST API. We will developed an online transaction payment REST API for our example. I will try to keep it as simple as possible so i will use GET request to retrieve information.

  1. Create REST API in PHP
  2. Consume REST API in PHP

1. Create REST API in PHP

To create a REST API, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Database and Table with Dummy Data
  2. Create a Database Connection
  3. Create a REST API File

1. Create a Database and Table with Dummy Data

To create database run the following query.

CREATE DATABASE tutcod;

To create a table run the following query. Note: I have already attached the SQL file of this table with dummy data, just download the complete zip file of this tutorial.

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `transactions` (
`id` int(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`order_id` int(50) NOT NULL,
`amount` decimal(9,2) NOT NULL,
`response_code` int(10) NOT NULL,
`response_desc` varchar(50) NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
UNIQUE KEY `order_id` (`order_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 ;

2. Create a Database Connection

Just create a

db.php

file and paste the following database connection in it. Make sure that you update these credentials with your database credentials.

// Enter your Host, username, password, database below.
$con = mysqli_connect("localhost","root","","tutcod"); if (mysqli_connect_errno()){ echo "Failed to connect to MySQL: " . mysqli_connect_error(); die(); }

3. Create a REST API File

Create a

api.php

file and paste the following script in it.

<?php
header("Content-Type:application/json");
if (isset($_GET['order_id']) && $_GET['order_id']!="") { include('db.php'); $order_id = $_GET['order_id']; $result = mysqli_query( $con, "SELECT * FROM `transactions` WHERE order_id=$order_id"); if(mysqli_num_rows($result)>0){ $row = mysqli_fetch_array($result); $amount = $row['amount']; $response_code = $row['response_code']; $response_desc = $row['response_desc']; response($order_id, $amount, $response_code,$response_desc); mysqli_close($con); }else{ response(NULL, NULL, 200,"No Record Found"); }
}else{ response(NULL, NULL, 400,"Invalid Request"); } function response($order_id,$amount,$response_code,$response_desc){ $response['order_id'] = $order_id; $response['amount'] = $amount; $response['response_code'] = $response_code; $response['response_desc'] = $response_desc; $json_response = json_encode($response); echo $json_response;
}
?>

The above script will accept the GET request and return output in the JSON format.

I have created all these files in folder name rest, now you can get the transaction information by browsing the following URL.

http://localhost/rest/api.php?order_id=15478959

You will get the following output.

Above URL is not user friendly, therefore we will rewrite URL through the

.htaccess

file, copy paste the following rule in

.htaccess

file.

RewriteEngine On # Turn on the rewriting engine RewriteRule ^api/([0-9a-zA-Z_-]*)$ api.php?order_id=$1 [NC,L]

Now you can get the transaction information by browsing the following URL.

http://localhost/rest/api/15478959

You will get the following output.

2. Consume REST API in PHP

To consume a REST API, follow these steps:

  1. Create an Index File with HTML Form
  2. Fetch Records through CURL

1. Create an Index File with HTML Form

<form action="" method="POST">
<label>Enter Order ID:</label><br />
<input type="text" name="order_id" placeholder="Enter Order ID" required/>
<br /><br />
<button type="submit" name="submit">Submit</button>
</form>

2. Fetch Records through CURL

<?php
if (isset($_POST['order_id']) && $_POST['order_id']!="") { $order_id = $_POST['order_id']; $url = "http://localhost/rest/api/".$order_id; $client = curl_init($url); curl_setopt($client,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,true); $response = curl_exec($client); $result = json_decode($response); echo "<table>"; echo "<tr><td>Order ID:</td><td>$result->order_id</td></tr>"; echo "<tr><td>Amount:</td><td>$result->amount</td></tr>"; echo "<tr><td>Response Code:</td><td>$result->response_code</td></tr>"; echo "<tr><td>Response Desc:</td><td>$result->response_desc</td></tr>"; echo "</table>";
} ?>

You can do anything with these output data, you can insert or update it into your own database if you are using REST API of any other service provider. Usually in case of online transaction, the service provider provides status of payment via API. You can check either payment is made successfully or not. They also provide a complete guide of it.

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