How to upload multiple files with Vue.js and PHP

Instead of adding multiple file elements, you can use a single file element for allowing the user to upload more than one file.

Using the FormData object to pass the selected files to the PHP for upload.

In this tutorial, I show how you can upload multiple files using Vue.js and PHP.

How to upload multiple files with Vue.js and PHP


Contents

  1. Download & Include
  2. HTML
  3. PHP
  4. Script
  5. Output
  6. Conclusion

1. Download & Include

  • Download Axios package from GitHub. or you can also use CDN (https://unpkg.com/axios/dist/axios.min.js).
  • Now, include axios.min.js with vue.js.
<script src="vue.js"></script>
<script src="https://unpkg.com/axios/dist/axios.min.js"></script>

2. HTML

Create <div id='myapp'>. In the <div > create a file element and a button. Add ref attribute in the file element which is used to access files in Vue.

Define @click='uploadFile()' event on the button.

Display uploaded file names in <ul> <li>.

Completed Code

<div id='myapp'> <input type="file" id="uploadfiles" ref="uploadfiles" multiple /> <button type="button" @click='uploadFile()' >Upload file</button> <br> <!-- Files names --> <div v-if="filenames.length" > <ul > <li v-for= '(filename,index) in filenames' > {{ filename }} </li> </ul> </div> </div>

3. PHP

Create an ajaxfile.php file and uploads folder for storing the files.

Create $files_arr to store uploaded file names.

Assign the total number of files to $countfiles variable and assign upload location to $upload_location variable.

Loop on the files.

Assign filename to $filename and file extension to $ext variable.

Initialize $valid_ext Array with valid upload file extensions. If a file extension exists in the $valid_ext Array then assign a new filename to $newfilename and file path to $path variable.

If file is successfully uploaded then initialize $files_arr Array with $newfilename.

Return $files_arr Array in JSON format.

Completed Code

<?php // To store uploaded files path
$files_arr = array(); if(isset($_FILES['files']['name'])){ // Count total files $countfiles = count($_FILES['files']['name']); // Upload directory $upload_location = "uploads/"; // Loop all files for($index = 0;$index < $countfiles;$index++){ if(isset($_FILES['files']['name'][$index]) && $_FILES['files']['name'][$index] != ''){ // File name $filename = $_FILES['files']['name'][$index]; // Get extension $ext = strtolower(pathinfo($filename, PATHINFO_EXTENSION)); // Valid extensions $valid_ext = array("png","jpeg","jpg","pdf","txt","doc","docx"); // Check extension if(in_array($ext, $valid_ext)){ // File path $newfilename = time()."_".$filename; $path = $upload_location.$newfilename; // Upload file if(move_uploaded_file($_FILES['files']['tmp_name'][$index],$path)){ $files_arr[] = $newfilename; } } } } } echo json_encode($files_arr);
die;

4. Script

Initialize Vue on #myapp.

Add filename data variable to store successfully uploaded file names.

Define uploadFile() method which gets called on the upload button click.

Create FormData object. Loop on the selected files and append to the formData object.

formData.append("files[]", files[index]);

NOTE – Access files using $_FILES['files'] in PHP file.

Send AJAX request to 'ajaxfile.php', pass formData object as data.

On successful callback assign response.data to filenames and alert number of files uploaded.

Completed Code

var app = new Vue({ el: '#myapp', data: { filenames: [] }, methods: { uploadFile: function(){ var el = this; let formData = new FormData(); // Read selected files var files = this.$refs.uploadfiles.files; var totalfiles = this.$refs.uploadfiles.files.length; for (var index = 0; index < totalfiles; index++) { formData.append("files[]", files[index]); } axios.post('ajaxfile.php', formData, { headers: { 'Content-Type': 'multipart/form-data' } }) .then(function (response) { el.filenames = response.data; alert(el.filenames.length + " files is been uploaded."); }) .catch(function (error) { console.log(error); }); } }
})

5. Output


6. Conclusion

If you want to pass extra data with file instance then append the value in the FormData object.

formData.append("username", "yssyogesh");

In PHP read the passed value with the POST method.

In the example, I only added file extension validation. While implementing in your project add and update the validation according to your requirement.

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