Laravel 8 Vue JS File Upload Tutorial Example

Laravel 8 Vue js File Upload Example tutorial. In this tutorial, you will learn how to upload files, images and documents with vue js components in laravel.

As well as you will learn how to send form data (files, images, input fields etc) with Vue js using Axios to send POST request in laravel.

This tutorial will guide you step by step on how to upload files with Vue js using Axios post request in laravel 8 app.

Laravel 8 Vue JS File Upload Example with Axios

  • Step 1: Install Laravel 8 App
  • Step 2: Connecting App to Database
  • Step 3: Create Model And Migration
  • Step 4: NPM Configuration
  • Step 5: Add Routes
  • Step 6: Create Controller By Command
  • Step 7: Create Vue Component
  • Step 8: Register Vue App
  • Step 9: Run Development Server

Step 1: Install Laravel 8 App

In this step, you need to install laravel latest application setup, So open your terminal OR command prompt and execute the following command:

 composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog 

Step 2: Connecting App to Database

After successfully install laravel Application, Go to your project .env file and set up database credential and move next step:

 DB_CONNECTION=mysql DB_HOST=127.0.0.1 DB_PORT=3306 DB_DATABASE=here your database name here DB_USERNAME=here database username here DB_PASSWORD=here database password here

Step 3: Create Model And Migration

Next step, you need to execute the following command on terminal to create model and migration file:

php artisan make:model Photo -m

This command will create one model name photo.php and also create one migration file for the photos table.

Now open create_photos_table.php migration file from database>migrations and replace up() function with following code:

<?php
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
class CreatePhotosTable extends Migration
{ /** * Run the migrations. * * @return void */ public function up() { Schema::create('photos', function (Blueprint $table) { $table->increments('id'); $table->string('title'); $table->timestamps(); }); } /** * Reverse the migrations. * * @return void */ public function down() { Schema::dropIfExists('photos'); }
}

Next, migrate the table using the below command:

php artisan migrate

Step 4: NPM Configuration

You need to setup Vue and install Vue dependencies using NPM. So execute the following command on command prompt:

php artisan preset vue

Install all Vue dependencies:

npm install

Step 5: Add Routes

Next step, go to routes folder and open web.php file and add the following routes into your file:

routes/web.php

Route::get('upload_file', function () { return view('upload');
});
use App\Http\Controllers\FileUploadController; Route::post('store_file', [FileUploadController::class, 'fileStore']);

Step 6: Create Controller By Command

Next step, open your command prompt and execute the following command on terminal to create a controller by an artisan:

php artisan make:controller FileUploadController

After that, go to app\Http\Controllers and open FileUploadController.php file. Then update the following code into your FileUploadController.php file:

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
Use App\Models\Photo;
class FileUploadController extends Controller
{ // function to store file in 'upload' folder public function fileStore(Request $request) { $upload_path = public_path('upload'); $file_name = $request->file->getClientOriginalName(); $generated_new_name = time() . '.' . $request->file->getClientOriginalExtension(); $request->file->move($upload_path, $generated_new_name); $insert['title'] = $file_name; $check = Photo::insertGetId($insert); return response()->json(['success' => 'You have successfully uploaded "' . $file_name . '"']); }
}

Step 7: Create Vue Component

Next step, go to resources/assets/js/components folder and create a filed called FileUpload.vue.

And update the following code into your FileUpload.vue components file:

<template>
<div class="container" style="margin-top: 50px;">
<div class="text-center">
<h4>File Upload with VueJS and Laravel</h4><br>
<div style="max-width: 500px; margin: 0 auto;">
<div v-if="success !== ''" class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
{{success}}
</div>
<form @submit="submitForm" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<div class="input-group">
<div class="custom-file">
<input type="file" name="filename" class="custom-file-input" id="inputFileUpload"
v-on:change="onFileChange">
<label class="custom-file-label" for="inputFileUpload">Choose file</label>
</div>
<div class="input-group-append">
<input type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" value="Upload">
</div>
</div>
<br>
<p class="text-danger font-weight-bold">{{filename}}</p>
</form>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</template>
<script>
export default {
mounted() {
console.log('Component successfully mounted.')
},
data() {
return {
filename: '',
file: '',
success: ''
};
},
methods: {
onFileChange(e) {
//console.log(e.target.files[0]);
this.filename = "Selected File: " + e.target.files[0].name;
this.file = e.target.files[0];
},
submitForm(e) {
e.preventDefault();
let currentObj = this;
const config = {
headers: { 'content-type': 'multipart/form-data', 'X-CSRF-TOKEN': document.querySelector('meta[name="csrf-token"]').content,
}
}
// form data
let formData = new FormData();
formData.append('file', this.file);
// send upload request
axios.post('/store_file', formData, config)
.then(function (response) {
currentObj.success = response.data.success;
currentObj.filename = "";
})
.catch(function (error) {
currentObj.output = error;
});
}
}
}
</script>

Now open resources/assets/js/app.js and include the FileUpload.vue component like this:app.js

require('./bootstrap');
window.Vue = require('vue');
Vue.component('file-upload-component', require('./components/FileUpload.vue').default);
const app = new Vue({
el: '#app',
});

Step 8: Register Vue App

In this step, we will create a blade view file to define Vue’s app. Go to resources/views folder and make a file named upload.blade.php. Then update the following code into upload.blade.php as follow:

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
<title>File Upload with VueJS and Laravel - tutsmake.com</title>
<link href="{{asset('css/app.css')}}" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
</head>
<body>
<div id="app">
<file-upload-component></file-upload-component>
</div>
<script src="{{asset('js/app.js')}}"></script>
</body>
</html>

Step 9: Run Development Server

Now, execute the following command on terminal to start development server:

npm run dev
or npm run watch

Conclusion

In this example tutorial, you have learned how to upload files with vue js in laravel using axios request.

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